Funding History


1957
  •  Wayne K. Patterson persuaded the legislature to use inmates from the State Reformatory to build small parks adjacent to highways around the state.

1960
  • Ray Bright, as an employee of the State Reformatory, began the development of the first honor/work camp in the Delta, Colorado area.

1967
  • The Work Release Act (C.R.S. 16-11-212) was passed.

1969
  • Bails Hall, a Division of Corrections work release center established in Denver.

1971
  • The Veteran's Administration opened a residential treatment program for Vietnam vets.
  • The Mesa County work release program started serving county jail clients.
  • Empathy House in Boulder started serving Federal Bureau of Prisons and county clients.

1972
  • Pikes Peak Mental Health Center in Colorado Springs started a residential treatment program for criminal clients called Adult Forensics Program.
  • The Pueblo Sheriff's Department initiated a county work release program for misdemeanor offenders.

1973
  • An interim Legislative Committee began hearings on the need for community corrections legislation.
  • Southwest Denver Mental Health Program started a community corrections program in southwest Denver called Community Treatment Center.

1974
  • Senate Bill 55, the first Community Corrections Act (C.R.S. 105-10-101) passed by the legislature beginning community corrections in Colorado with $178,074 provided for purchasing services.
  • Stepping Stone, a residential community corrections program to serve Federal Bureau of Prisons clients, opened in Denver.
  • A private organization called Our House opened for business in Pueblo.  The residential program was established to serve clients with substance abuse problems.

1975
  • The Larimer County Commissioners approved the establishment of local community corrections board, as permitted by S.B. 55 in 1974.  A non-residential program was started this same year.
  • The Division of Corrections wrote an LEAA grant and received for a residential work and educational release program. This program was set up at the site of Fort Logan in southwest Denver. 

1976
  • Senate Bill 4(C.R.S. 17-27-101, et seq.) passed with a small amount ($301,000) of purchase of service monies,  This statute encouraged judicial districts to divert adjudicated non-violent offenders into local residential and non-residential programs
  • Hilltop House in Durango was established
  • Loft House in Adams County was established
  • Denver Sheriff's Department started the Phase I Program.
  • Emerson House was established in Denver. 

1977
  • Community Responsibility Center in Jefferson County was established.
  • Williams Street Center in Denver was established.
  • Community Corrections of the Pikes Peak Region opened for business in Colorado Springs.
  • S.B.587, an omnibus corrections bill, was approved.  This created a cabinet-level, Department of Corrections (DOC). Community Corrections Act was included in this bill.  The substance of the Community Corrections Act was not changed from its 1976 form.

1978
  • The legislature transferred diversion and purchase of service appropriations to DOC.
  • Oasis, a non-residential program started in Denver.
  • The Division of Criminal Justice published a Community Corrections Master Plan.
  • Independence House Family, a residential community corrections program, was established in Denver.

1979
  • An amendment to the Community Corrections Act (C.R.S. 17-27-101, et seq) authorizing local community corrections boards to screen transitional clients, passed by the legislature. 


1980
  • A Division of Criminal Justice study recommended increase in community corrections funding as a way to avoid additional prison beds.

1981
  • Diversion money transferred from the Department of Corrections to the State Judicial Department
  • Community corrections boards started in the 12th, 13th, 14th, 18th 19th and 20th judicial districts.

1982
  • San Luis Valley Community Corrections in Alamosa was established.
  • Correctional Alternative Placement Service in Craig was established
  • Weld County non-residential program began.
  • Alpha Center was established in Denver. 
  • Rocky Mountain Community Corrections in Pueblo was established.
  • Community corrections boards started in the 7th and 9th judicial districts.

1983
  • House Bill 1203 passed (C.R.S. 17-27-105(5) et seq.), clarified that direct sentences to community corrections may be subject to an additional year of probation supervision and that probation officers supervise all diversion offenders.
  • (C.R.S) 17-27-114 et seq.) Gave facility directors authorization to have an offender in the community corrections arrested. 
  • Arapahoe Community Treatment Center in Arapahoe County was established. 
  • Community Responsibility Center opens a community corrections program for women, which accepts women from all judicial districts.
  • Prison overcrowding study indicates 6% (or 190 inmates) of prison inmates are low risk, have 12 months or less until parole eligibility and are not in community corrections.
  • Community corrections boards were established in the 1st and 15th judicial districts.

1984
  • The Restitution Center was established in Weld County.
  • Community Corrections of the Pikes Peak Region Inc., in Colorado Springs, is reorganized as ComCor, Inc., a private non-profit corporation. 

1985
  • The 7th judicial district contracted with Rocky Mountain Community Corrections to provide diversion and non-residential services. 

1986
  • Community Corrections was transferred to the Department of Public Safety, Division of Criminal Justice from the Judicial Department and the Department of Corrections with a budget of $7,303,293.  Transition beds are 370, Diversion beds are 406, Diversion Non-Residential slots are 275 for a total of 1051 offenders being served. 
  • The Division of Criminal Justice began to require that all community corrections contracts have the Exhibit A documents submitted as a part of the contract
  • The first Governor Community Correction Advisory Council was formed by Governor Lamm.

1987
  • The State began providing $60,000 loans to local providers as start up incentives.  

1988
  • Colorado Community Corrections Standards for Residential Services developed to establish minimum expectations for all programs to establish measures by which to analyze program quality.
  • The Colorado Association of Community Corrections Boards (CACCB) was established. 

1989
  • The Community Intensive Residential Treatment (CIRT) program was initiated. 
  • The first community corrections audits are conducted to determine levels of compliance with residential standards.

1991
  • Colorado Community Corrections Standards for Non-Residential Services were established to provide more consistency to supervision and services of non-residential programs.
  • Day Reporting Center (DRC) program was initiated. 

1993
  • The 3/4 House program was initiated, 
  • HB 1233 is passed which restructures the statutes related to community corrections.

1998
  • The Colorado Corrections budget has grown to $29,719,707 and capacity for Transition beds is 858, Diversion Residential beds is 1022 and Diversion Non-Residential slots is 1024, for and excess of 3000 offenders in the community corrections.
  • Community alternatives of El Paso County opened in Colorado Springs. 

1999
  • Centennial Community Transition Center (Community Management, Inc.) opened a community corrections treatment facility in Arapahoe County 
  • Five year community corrections contracts were approved. 

2003
  • Significant budget cuts resulted in Diversion funding being reduced by 100 beds. Offender subsistence fees were increased to offset the reduction in the per diem rates. 
  • Pursuant to state statute, the Division of Criminal Justice publishes the first "Community Corrections Risk Factor Analysis" - the results of an annual performance measurement tool for all residential community corrections programs
  • New Programs    
                             Denver City and County-CMI Ulster and CMI Dahlia  
                             Garfield County-Garfield County Community Corrections 
                             Montezuma County-Montezuma County Community Corrections 

2005
  • Montezuma County Community Corrections closed down operations and contracted out for offender services. 
  • The Colorado Community Corrections Standards, the Community Corrections Audit Guidelines were revised and the Compliance Process Overview was completed. (A process to bring programs and boards into compliance with statute, contract and standard requirements or face sanctions for failure to do so).
  • The 3rd Judicial District had operated with two local Community Corrections boards for several years. On December 31, 2005 the two Boards were merged into one Board managed out of the Huerfano County Court with District Court Judge Claude Appel as the Board Chair.
  • Advantage Treatment Center opens a residential facility in May.

2007
  • The Colorado Community Corrections Standards are revised. 
  • The Division of Criminal Justice recommends a model of accountability measures to the Governor's Office and the Legislature.  The process and implementation will be carried out over the next three years.
  • Garfield County Community Corrections program opens its new facility in Rifle. 
  • The State Legislature funds residential mental health beds in community corrections. New specialized programs are funded to serve offenders with mental illness. 

2008
  • The Colorado Community Corrections Standards are first rated by subject matter experts in order to determine their perceived importance to public safety, offender management, and offender treatment. The ratings are used to prioritize the Standards in terms of general importance. 

2009
  • Crossroads Therapeutic Community is opened in Pueblo, CO
  • Time to Change opens a new residential program in Adams County
  • Community Education Center begins operation of the Loft House and Phoenix Center programs in Adams County, both of which were formerly operated by Avalon Correctional Services. 
  • Intervention Inc begins operation of the residential program in Greeley, which was formerly operated by Avalon Corrections Services. 
  • The 45 Day IRT program is modified to a 90-day program to be consistent with published research in the field of addiction medicine

2010
  • The Colorado Community Corrections Standards are again revised
  • The audit process for community corrections is revised pursuant to changes in the Standards
  • A process for non-residential audits is revised and implemented in community corrections 
  • A process for special program audits is developed for the IRT program in community corrections
  • The Residential Mental Health Services (RMHS) Beds are modified to Residential Dual Diagnosis Treatment (RDDT) Program to meet the needs of the population served. 
  • HB 10-1360 is introduced into law and passed. This initiative adds 70 specialized beds in community corrections for parolees who require specialized treatment and residential supervision. 
  • HB 10-1352 is introduced into law and passed.  This initiative creates a fund to provide treatment services for substance-abusing and dually diagnosed offenders in community-based supervision.

2011
  • The revised Colorado Community Corrections Standards are first again by subject matter experts in order to determine their perceived importance to public safety, offender management, and offender treatment.  The ratings are used to prioritize the Standards in terms of general importance.  The ratings are also incorporated into the audit process. 
  • HB 10-1360 beds are initiated in community corrections
  • HB 10-1352 funds are initiated in community corrections 
  • Federal grant funding is obtained to implement the Diversion Offender Opportunity for ReEntry (DOOR) program, the Second Chance Act Grant for Sex Offender Program (SCAG) and the Sex Offenders in Community Corrections (SOICC) programs.
  • The Haven opened the Baby Haven's Child Care Center in Denver, Colorado which provides quality therapeutic and education services to infants of mothers in residence at the Haven and in their aftercare program.
  • Intervention, Inc opens a new facility for female offenders in Jefferson County, Colorado

2012
  • A model for an evidence-based sanctions grid and contingency management is drafted for community corrections.  Accompanying this initiative are other evidence-based interventions for offenders such as a model for Structured Progress Feedback and an evidence-based progression matrix for residential offenders
  • Capacity in Colorado for Intensive Residential Treatment (IRT), Residential Dual Diagnosis Treatment (RDDT), and the John Eachon Re-Entry (JERP) is expanded in community  correction